What do we often do before we travel to a destination?
Travel to the destination before we often do some cheats, but we pay close attention to more is the content of the local customs, tourist attractions, food, etc., may ignore the local health problem, especially travel abroad should know in advance the country’s recent if there is a certain infectious disease epidemic, this information by the CDC’s official website inquiry.The following is intended to help travelers get to their destination.Injuries The most common cause of death among young and middle-aged travellers is injuries caused by motor vehicle accidents. Drowning during travel is another common cause of death and common-sense measures can be taken to prevent many of these injuries.For example, people unfamiliar with local traffic can take public transportation (driving on the left in the UK, driving on the right in the US) or hire local drivers who are familiar with local roads and regulations.Tourists should avoid crowded taxis, ferries or other means of transport, and avoid night rides or swimming in poorly lit pools.Tourists should use seat belts when riding in cars and helmets when riding bicycles.Travelers should avoid riding motorcycles and mopeds, and avoid sitting on the roof of a bus or inside an open truck.And don’t drink alcohol before riding or swimming, even if the area doesn’t formally prohibit drinking or does have such a law but isn’t enforced.Travelers should also stay away from rough beaches, especially if lifeguards are not present.Many cities are not safe after dark, and some cities are not safe even during the day.If you’re in a city like this, especially in a country where visitors are instantly recognizable as outsiders, don’t walk alone on dimly lit or deserted streets.Fair-skinned travelers are more susceptible to sunburn at tropical latitudes and high altitudes.A high SPF (SUN protection factor of 30 or higher) sunscreen is recommended.When using sunscreen and insect repellent together, apply sunscreen first and wait at least 15 minutes before applying insect repellent.Diarrhea.travellers Diarrhoea is the most common health problem among international travellers.The risk of travel diarrhoea can be reduced by drinking or brushing your teeth with bottled, filtered, boiled, UV-treated or chlorinated water;Stay away from ice;Eat fresh food only when it is heated to steaming hot;Eat only peeled or shelled fruits or vegetables;Don’t eat food bought from street vendors;Wash your hands frequently;Do not eat any food that has been bitten by flying insects.While the use of certain antibiotics can also prevent travel diarrhea, there is a risk of side effects, such as increasing the chances that bacteria will develop drug resistance.Doctors therefore recommend prophylactic use of antibiotics only for people with immunodeficiency diseases.In most cases, travel diarrhea resolves on its own within 3 to 5 days, during which time a steady intake of fluids is required to prevent dehydration.Young children or the elderly may benefit from energy or oral rehydration.Patients with moderate to severe symptoms (symptoms severe enough to interfere with activity) should consider taking antibiotics (such as azithromycin), especially if they experience vomiting, fever, abdominal cramps, or bleeding in the stool.If the diarrhea is in a person 6 years or older and does not have bloody stools, fever or abdominal pain, loperamide (available without a prescription) can also be used to treat diarrhea.Malaria Malaria is a very common disease in tropical areas.Malaria can be prevented by avoiding mosquito bites or using anti-malarial drugs.You can prevent mosquito bites by: wearing long sleeves and trousers (especially at dawn and dusk when mosquitoes are most active);Sleeping under mosquito nets;The cloth was soaked in permethrin;Use a repellent containing DEET or picaridin.Repellents can also help prevent other mosquito-borne diseases such as dengue, Zika and yellow fever.Even if people take measures to avoid mosquito bites, it is still necessary to take prophylactic antimalarials (e.g. mefloquine, chloroquine, doxycycline or atorvastone/chlorguanidine) when travelling to many parts of the world.For information on travel to specific areas, see the CDC’s web site.Pregnant women should consider postponing travel to areas where malaria is prevalent because malaria infection can be severe and life-threatening, even with prophylactic medication.Dengue fever is also a mosquito-borne viral infection that causes fever and aches and, in severe cases, external and internal bleeding (known as dengue haemorrhagic fever).Dengue fever is common in tropical and subtropical regions.It is most common in Southeast Asia, but has become more common in Central and South America and other countries in recent years. It can also be found in the Caribbean, Oceania and the Indian subcontinent.Dengue vaccines are available in Mexico, Brazil, Thailand and some other countries (not the United States), but only to people who have previously had dengue.Prevention of mosquito bites is important for people traveling to areas where dengue fever is common, including wearing clothing that covers the body as much as possible;Use insect repellent, such as DEET or picaridin;Avoid contact with mosquitoes or ticks if possible.Image source: Public Image Library