Latest news!Vocational college entrance examination will have big changes

2022-04-29 0 By

Recently, the General Office of the Ministry of Education issued a notice on further improving the classified examination work of Higher Vocational Colleges. The Notice made it clear that the content and form of the examination should be further improved.First, highlight the characteristics of vocational education.The classified examination of higher vocational colleges adopts the evaluation method of “cultural quality + vocational skills”, among which the vocational skills examination score accounts for no less than 50% in principle.The second is to improve cultural quality examination.The results of high school academic proficiency examination are used for the cultural quality of ordinary high school graduates.The results of cultural quality of graduates of secondary vocational schools shall be based on the results of cultural basic examinations organized uniformly by the provincial college admission committee or approved by the provincial college admission committee, and the results of academic level examinations of secondary vocational schools may be used in provinces where conditions permit.Third, we will improve vocational skills tests.Vocational skills examination shall be organized and implemented by provincial admission committees in combination with local conditions, and can be conducted by provincial unified examination, multi-school joint examination, college school examination and so on.Admission Committees of Colleges and Universities of all Provinces, Autonomous regions and Municipalities directly under the Central Government, Education Departments (Education Commission), Education Admission Examination Institutions, Education Bureau of Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps:The classified examination of higher vocational colleges is an important part of college examination and enrollment, and an important channel for the selection of technical talents.In recent years, various places have promoted the classified examination of higher vocational colleges, which has preliminarily formed the examination and evaluation method which accords with the characteristics of higher vocational education.For further implementation of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council “on deepening the reform of examination recruitment system of the implementation opinions” the national vocational education reform scheme of “master plan for deepening the reform of new times education evaluation” on the opinion “to promote the development of modern vocational education quality and so on a series of important policy decisions, to speed up the construction of modern vocational education system,Focus on the selection and training of more high-quality technical and technical talents, skilled craftsmen, great craftsmen, now to further improve the classified examination of higher vocational colleges notice as follows.The overall requirements, classification of the examination of higher vocational colleges should adhere to xi jinping, a new era the ideas of socialism with Chinese characteristics as guidance, thoroughly implement the party’s in the 19th and the 19th session of 2, 3, 4, 5, sixth plenary session spirit, the implementation of the national education conference spirit and national vocational education conference deployment, implementation of khalid ents fundamental task,To serve the needs of high-quality development of modern vocational education, further improve the examination and evaluation methods, and provide diversified entrance methods for all kinds of students to receive higher vocational education.We should adhere to the orientation of vocational education, base on the needs of local economic and social development, and optimize the professional structure of colleges and universities to promote employment and meet the needs of industrial development.We will adhere to scientific selection of personnel, follow the law of personnel training in higher vocational education, further improve the “cultural quality + vocational skills” vocational education college entrance examination system, and improve the quality of personnel selection.To promote the healthy growth of students, adhere to the moral education, improve the admission mechanism, refer to the comprehensive quality evaluation, guide ordinary senior high schools and secondary vocational schools to provide diversified choices for students to develop their individual potential, and promote the all-round development of students in moral, intellectual, physical, aesthetic and labor.We will improve oversight and management mechanisms, strengthen provincial-level governments’ overall planning, strictly organize implementation, and strengthen oversight and management to ensure fairness and justice.1. Maintain classified examination as the main channel.All localities should adhere to the classified examination as the main channel for higher vocational college enrollment, rationally arrange the scale of the classified examination for higher vocational colleges, and at the same time retain the channel for higher vocational colleges to recruit students through the general college entrance examination.We will encourage qualified areas to further expand the scale of classified entrance examinations, so that ordinary high school graduates, graduates of secondary vocational schools, retired military personnel, laid-off workers, migrant workers and high-quality farmers who meet the requirements for the local college entrance examination can apply for the examination.The examinees who meet the requirements should be guided to apply for the exam rationally in light of their own reality, and the proportion of secondary vocational school graduates admitted by higher vocational colleges should not be limited.2. Optimize the professional structure of colleges and universities.Around to be in the same industry department in charge of technical skills required to strengthen the local economic and social development talent analysis, formulation of local vocational education professional layout and construction planning and annual propulsion, and the plan of recruit students establish linkage mechanism to strengthen higher vocational education resources to plan as a whole, comprehensive consideration and operating conditions, talents cultivation, enrollment,Reasonable arrangement of the recruitment of students colleges and universities, professional for classification of examinations and scale, the key to arrange the regional economic construction need, shortage of social livelihood of the people and high technical skill training requirements and employment quality of high quality colleges and universities and professional admissions, to limit the corresponding elimination class industry specialty, “overheating” strictly control the scale of enrollment, the control engineering.3. We will expand the enrollment of secondary and higher vocational students.Around to further standardize the long system technical skills through training, in pre-school education, nursing, home economics, pensions, health services, advanced manufacturing and modern service industry and other fields, moderately expand vocational well versed in the recruitment of students scale, further optimize the structure of recruit students professional, well versed in professional to start reading age, training cycle is long, the requirement of high professional skills is given priority to, combined with professional features,Optimize the talent training model.1. Highlight the characteristics of vocational education.The classified examination of higher vocational colleges adopts the evaluation method of “cultural quality + vocational skills”, among which the vocational skills examination score accounts for no less than 50% in principle.The classified examination should be held in the spring of each year.Local governments should strengthen provincial-level coordination, adhere to the principle of fostering moral integrity and cultivating talents, combining morality and skills, be practice-oriented and strengthen their abilities, further improve the content of classified examinations in accordance with the requirements of personnel training in higher vocational colleges and the actual education and teaching conditions in ordinary senior high schools and secondary vocational schools, and guide students to develop in an all-round way morally, intellectually, physically, aesthetically, and artistically.2. Improve cultural quality tests.The results of high school academic proficiency examination are used for the cultural quality of ordinary high school graduates.The results of cultural quality of graduates of secondary vocational schools shall be based on the results of cultural basic examinations organized uniformly by the provincial College Admission Committee (hereinafter referred to as the provincial admission Committee) or by a few high-quality vocational colleges approved by the provincial admission committee, and the results of academic level examinations of secondary vocational schools may be used in provinces where conditions permit.Provincial administrative departments of education should gradually establish a provincial unified examination system for the cultural quality of secondary vocational school graduates, and unify the content and standards of the cultural foundation examination according to the Curriculum standards of Public basic Courses of secondary vocational schools.3. Improve vocational skills tests.Vocational skills examination shall be organized and implemented by provincial admission committees in combination with local conditions, and can be conducted by provincial unified examination, multi-school joint examination, college school examination and so on.Ordinary high school graduates who apply for the classified examination shall participate in the vocational adaptability test organized by provincial recruitment committee or higher vocational colleges related to the major they apply for.All localities should improve the vocational adaptability test, further optimize the test content, screen examinees’ occupational orientation, and guide examinees to rationally divert and grow healthily.Graduates of secondary vocational schools who apply for classified examinations shall take part in vocational skills examinations organized by provincial recruitment committees or higher vocational colleges, including professional ability tests and technical skills tests.The professional competence test is based on the core professional knowledge in the secondary vocational professional teaching standards issued by the Ministry of Education. It adopts written examination and focuses on comprehensive professional competence.The technical skills test is based on the core technical skills in the secondary vocational professional teaching standards issued by the Ministry of Education. It mainly focuses on the operation test and fully reflects the post skills and general technology.Provincial administrative departments of education should, according to the major categories of higher vocational education and in view of different student groups, formulate unified vocational skill evaluation schemes, clarify examination methods, examination norms and evaluation standards, and explore the establishment of provincial unified examination question bank of vocational skill examination.Encourage relevant vocational colleges to actively implement mutual recognition of vocational skills examination results.Provinces where conditions permit are encouraged to exempt candidates who have won relevant vocational skills competitions or obtained relevant vocational skills grade certificates from applying for relevant majors.1. Improve the enrollment system for ordinary senior high school graduates.For ordinary high school graduates, they will be selected according to the published enrollment plan according to the scores of high school academic proficiency examination, the results of vocational adaptability test and the comprehensive quality evaluation of students.Local governments should improve the methods of recognition and conversion of scores in high school academic proficiency tests and vocational adaptability tests, and guide vocational colleges to formulate measures for the use of comprehensive quality evaluation in student enrollment and publicize them to the public in advance.2. Improve enrollment methods for secondary vocational school graduates.For secondary vocational school graduates, according to the cultural foundation examination and vocational skills examination results, reference to the students’ comprehensive quality evaluation, according to the published enrollment plan.All localities should further improve the enrollment methods based mainly on vocational skills scores, and reasonably determine the proportion of educational quality and vocational skills scores in admission.All localities should promote the establishment and improvement of the comprehensive quality evaluation system for secondary vocational school students and explore its use in enrollment.3. Improve admission methods for special groups.For groups such as ex-servicemen, laid-off workers, migrant workers and high-quality farmers who apply for the classified examination of higher vocational colleges, they will be selected on the basis of relevant regulations and published enrollment plans.Local governments should strengthen communication and coordination with departments of veterans affairs, human resources and social security, agriculture and rural areas, and public security, and jointly conduct qualification examination of candidates from related groups.For the top talents who meet the requirements of exemption from examination, they will be admitted without examination by the relevant higher vocational colleges according to the procedures of assessment and publicity.Improving supervision and Management Methods 1. Strengthening overall management by local governments.The classified examination of higher vocational colleges is mainly managed by the provincial people’s government.Provincial recruitment committees and educational administrative departments are responsible for organizing, supervising and administering classified examinations in local vocational colleges.Provincial education administrative departments, admission examination institutions and relevant higher vocational colleges should earnestly fulfill their main responsibilities, strengthen organizational leadership, thoroughly sum up existing work experience and improve relevant policies and measures under the unified leadership of local party committees and governments.2. Improve the multi-level supervision and management system.All localities should strictly implement the policies and regulations on college examinations and enrollment, improve the work system of multi-level supervision by the state, local governments, schools and society, and strengthen supervision and management of the whole process of publicity, registration, examination and enrollment of classified examinations.We will strictly implement the information disclosure system of college enrollment, timely disclose relevant information, and accept the supervision of all sectors of society.We will open up channels for public supervision and reporting, improve the mechanism for examinees to appeal and review, and promptly respond to and handle all kinds of problems.3. We will severely investigate and punish violations of laws and regulations.Local governments should strictly observe the rules of “ten strictly prohibited”, “30 strictly prohibited” and “Eight basic requirements” for college enrollment, and crack down on false publicity, paid enrollment, pre-approved enrollment, over-planned enrollment, buying and selling students, and entrusting intermediaries to enroll students.Examinees, colleges and relevant staff who violate rules in classified examinations of higher vocational colleges shall be investigated and dealt with in strict accordance with relevant laws and regulations.General Office of the Ministry of Education November 17, 2021 (Hebei Daily wechat)